world war II

95-year-old World War II veteran Luther Hendricks poses with some of his military honors. He was a member of the Montford Point Marines, a group of African-American troops who trained at a segregated camp in North Carolina.
Hendricks family / U.S. Marine Corps

President Roosevelt opened all branches of the military to Black troops in 1941, but for African-American service members like Luther Hendricks, racism still was prevalent.

A gravestone for a German POW in the San Antonio VA cemetery. The stone is engraved with a swastika and an inscription that references Adolf Hitler.
Military Religious Freedom Foundation

The stones, engraved with swastikas, mark the graves of German POWs who died in the United States during World War II.

As he takes part in the 75th anniversary commemoration of the Normandy invasion, Ray Lambert of Moore County, N.C. worries that his generation's values have eroded.

A citrus worker in Plymouth, Fla. grades oranges in this 1942 photo.
Florida Citrus Exchange, McKay Archives, Florida Southern College

An effort to prevent scurvy in U.S. troops led to the growth of the orange juice industry, popularizing what had been a relatively obscure beverage.

From the late 1800s through the middle of the 20th century, lynchings were a widespread form of racial violence against African-Americans in the southern United States. 

Maximo Purisima Young, 97, displays photographs from his military service. He helped transport supplies and troops in World War II, then fought as a guerilla alongside American soldiers.
Dorian Merina / American Homefront

During World War II, more than a quarter million Filipinos fought alongside American soldiers. Many are still awaiting the recognition promised to them.

In Manteo yesterday, hundreds of people turned out for an annual reenactment of a heartwarming part of the Cold War -- when American pilots dropped candy from the sky for the children of Berlin during the Soviet blockade.

The number of North Carolina veterans who fought in World War II is declining. But last week, four of them got an official thanks from a country they helped liberate.

Protesters demonstrate outside a U.S. Marine base on Okinawa. The U.S. plans to greatly expand the base in the rural fishing village of Henoko.
Sonia Narang / American Homefront

The United States and Japan have been allies and strategic partners since World War II, but an effort to move and expand a Marine Corps base in Okinawa is causing friction with locals.

The American Homefront Project talks with service members and veterans about who they're remembering this Memorial Day.

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